魚太聰明了,不要拿來吃
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2006-11-24 06:57 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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Dr. Sylvia Earle wants you to stop eating fish. It's not because fish are endangered1, though wild fish stocks2 in many oceans are very low. It's not because they're bad for you, though fish in many areas are exposed to poisonous substances3 in the water. It’s because they're smart.
"Fish are sensitive4, they have personalities5," says the marine1 biologist. For Earle, eating a fish would be like eating a dog or a cat. "I would never eat anyone I know personally6."
There's a lot more to fish than meets the eye: they talk to each other, they like to be touched, and they engage in7 behavior8 that can seem very human. They can remember things and learn from experience. Earle and a growing number of animal rights activists9 see these as strong arguments against eating fish altogether.
The activists2 also point out that fish feel pain and fish suffer horribly on their way from the sea to the supermarket. "While it may seem obvious10 that fish are able to feel pain, like every other animal, some people think of fish as swimming vegetables," says Dr. Lynne Sneddon. "Really, it's kind of a moral question. Is the enjoyment3 you get from fishing (or eating fish) more important than the pain of the fish?"
Fishermen and (fried) fish lovers are skeptical11. "I've never seen a smart fish," says Marie Swaringen as she finishes off a plate of fish at a Seattle seafood4 restaurant. "If they were very smart, they wouldn't get caught."
"For years, everyone's been telling us to eat fish because it's so good for us," says another diner. "Now I've got to feel guilty12 while I'm eating my fish? What are they going to think of next? Don't eat salad because cucumbers have feelings?"

  西爾維婭·厄爾博士希望你別再吃魚了。這不是因為魚瀕臨絕種,雖說很多海洋中野生魚的存量都已經很少了。這也不是因為魚對你有壞處,雖說很多地區的魚都暴露在水里的有毒物質中。不吃魚的原因是它們很聰明。
  “魚很敏感,它們是有個性的。”這位海洋生物學家說。對厄爾而言,吃魚就像吃狗或貓一樣。“我不會吃任何我個人認識的生物。”
  魚并不像看起來那樣簡單:它們會彼此交談,它們喜歡被撫觸,它們的行為很像人類。它們記得事情,也會從經驗中學習。總之,厄爾和越來越多的擁護動物權利的積極份子把這些事情視為反對吃魚的有力理由。
  這些積極分子還指出,魚會感覺到疼痛,魚在從大海到超市的途中承受了極大的痛苦。“魚跟其他動物一樣能夠感覺到痛楚,雖說這是顯而易見的事,但有些人卻把魚視為會游泳的蔬菜。”琳·雪登博士說,“事實上,這是一種道德上的問題,你從釣魚﹙或吃魚﹚中得到的享受比魚的痛苦還要重要嗎?”
  漁夫們和愛吃﹙炸﹚魚的人很懷疑。“我從來沒見過什么聰明的魚。”瑪莉·斯瓦林根在西雅圖一家海鮮餐廳吃完一盤魚以后說,“如果它們很聰明,它們就不會被抓到了。”
  “多年以來,每個人都叫我們吃魚,因為這對我們很有益處。”另一位用餐的人說,“現在我就得在自己吃魚的時候覺得罪過了嗎?他們接下來還會想出些什么來?不要吃沙拉,因為小黃瓜是有感覺的嗎?” 


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1 marine 77Izo     
adj.海的;海生的;航海的;海事的;n.水兵
參考例句:
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.戰爭爆發時,他自愿參加了海軍陸戰隊。
2 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活動的)積極分子,活動家( activist的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了動物權益維護者的抨擊。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 黨的激進分子中有很多出身于中產階級下層。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
3 enjoyment opaxV     
n.樂趣;享有;享用
參考例句:
  • Your company adds to the enjoyment of our visit. 有您的陪同,我們這次訪問更加愉快了。
  • After each joke the old man cackled his enjoyment.每逢講完一個笑話,這老人就呵呵笑著表示他的高興。
4 seafood 7j6zUl     
n.海產食品,海味,海鮮
參考例句:
  • There's an excellent seafood restaurant near here.離這兒不遠有家非常不錯的海鮮館。
  • Shrimps are a popular type of seafood.小蝦是比較普遍的一種海味。
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