兒童溺水的急救方法
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-05-26 07:51 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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First Aid for Drowning


Learn the emergency steps that could save your child's life

By Daphne Sashin

Drowning is the leading cause of injury-related death among children ages 1 to 4 -- and the second-leading cause of death in children 14 and under. Young kids are especially at risk because they're curious, fast, and attracted to water but are not yet able to understand how dangerous it is. The good news is that a few safety precautions1 can prevent most drownings. If your child is the victim of a near-drowning (心臟未停搏則稱溺水,否則為溺死), this fast-action rescue plan can prevent a tragedy.

In an Emergency
Your first priority2 is to get a drowning child out of the water as quickly as possible. If she isn't breathing, place her on her back on a firm surface. Immediately begin rescue breathing(人工呼吸), below, and have someone call for help. Don't assume3 it's too late to save a child's life -- even if she's unresponsive, continue performing CPR(cardiopulmonary resuscitation心肺復蘇) and do not stop until medical professionals take over.

1 To open your child's airway4, gently tilt5 her head back with one hand, and lift her chin with the other. Put your ear to the child's mouth and nose, and look, listen, and feel for signs that she is breathing.


2 If your child doesn't seem to be breathing>
Infants6 under age 1: Place your mouth over infant's nose and lips and give two breaths, each lasting7 about 1½ seconds. Look for the chest to rise and fall.
Children 1 and older: Pinch8 child's nose and seal your lips over her mouth. Give two slow, full breaths (1½ to 2 seconds each). Wait for the chest to rise and fall before giving the second breath.


3 If the chest rises, check for a pulse (see number 4).
If the chest doesn't rise, try again. Retilt the head, lift the child's chin, and repeat the breaths.


4 Check for a pulse
Put two fingers on your child's neck to the side of the Adam's apple (for infants, feel inside the arm between the elbow and shoulder). Wait five seconds. If there is a pulse, give one breath every three seconds. Check for a pulse every minute, and continue rescue breathing until the child is breathing on her own or help arrives.


5 If you can't find a pulse
Infants under age 1: Imagine a line between the child's nipples, and place two fingers just below its centerpoint. Apply five half-inch chest compressions in about three seconds. After five compressions, seal your lips over your child's mouth and nose and give one breath.
Children 1 and older: Use the heel of your hand (both hands for a teenager or adult) to apply five quick one-inch chest compressions to the middle of the breastbone (just above where the ribs9 come together) in about three seconds. After five compressions, pinch your child's nose, seal your lips over his mouth, and give one full breath.
All ages: Continue the cycle of five chest compressions followed by a breath for one minute, then check for a pulse. Repeat cycle until you find a pulse or help arrives and takes over.



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 precautions 3a5ce54bdcbe226ca932603fd5e14be3     
n.預防措施( precaution的名詞復數 );防備;避孕措施
參考例句:
  • You must take all reasonable precautions to protect yourself and your family. 你必須采取一切合理的預防措施,保護自己和家人。
  • The Danes had selfconfidence of conquerors, and their security precautions were casual. 這些丹麥人具有征服者的自信,而且他們的安全防衛也是漫不經心的。 來自《用法詞典》
2 priority qQ1xB     
n.優先處理的事,居先,優先(權)
參考例句:
  • The development of the national economy is a top priority.發展國民經濟是應予以最優先考慮的事。
  • Things should be taken up in order of priority.辦事應有個先后次序。
3 assume 6Ouyn     
vt.假裝;假定,設想;承擔;呈現,采取
參考例句:
  • I assume that he won't cheat you.想來他是不會騙你的。
  • We can't assume anything in this case.在這種情況下我們不可能做出假設。
4 airway xzez8W     
n.空中航線,通風口
參考例句:
  • Lay them on their side and ensure the airway is unobstructed.讓他們側躺著,并確保呼吸道暢通。
  • There is a purple airway in London Airport.倫敦機場里有一條皇家專用飛機跑道。
5 tilt aG3y0     
v.(使)傾側;(使)傾斜;n.傾側;傾斜
參考例句:
  • She wore her hat at a tilt over her left eye.她歪戴著帽子遮住左眼。
  • The table is at a slight tilt.這張桌子沒放平,有點兒歪.
6 infants 57de24f49dfa98604e713461eadf269d     
嬰兒,幼兒( infant的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • a nursery for infants under two 兩歲以下嬰幼兒的托兒所
  • Infants were rent from their mother's arms. 嬰兒從母親手里被奪走。
7 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持續,維持
參考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的戰爭使美元貶值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我們希望這些糾紛能獲得永久的解決。
8 pinch I2Azc     
n.捏,撮,困苦,偷竊;vt.掐,使...困苦,偷竊
參考例句:
  • She would pinch on food in order to spend on clothing.她過去常把伙食費省下來買衣服。
  • He put a pinch of salt on his food.他在自己的食物上撒了一撮鹽。
9 ribs 24fc137444401001077773555802b280     
n.肋骨( rib的名詞復數 );(船或屋頂等的)肋拱;肋骨狀的東西;(織物的)凸條花紋
參考例句:
  • He suffered cracked ribs and bruising. 他斷了肋骨還有挫傷。
  • Make a small incision below the ribs. 在肋骨下方切開一個小口。
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