遇到難題不妨先睡一覺再說
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-11-12 03:03 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
It is often said that the best way to get to the bottom of a hard problem is to sleep on it. But how accurate is this advice?
 
關于如何追根究底找到解決問題的方法,通常有個普遍的說法——最好先睡上一覺,或許會找到解決方案。不過這個說法到底有幾分可信度呢?
 
A new study forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science may have the answer.
 
A team of researchers led by Kristin Sanders of Northwestern University designed an experiment to test whether cueing music associated with unsolved brain teasers during sleep increased people's ability to solve those same brain teasers the next morning. Fascinatingly, they found that it did.
 
"Numerous studies in humans and other animals demonstrate better memory after sleep compared with a similar time awake," state the researchers. "Sleep-related memory processes not only strengthen but also can optimize1, organize, and transform information."
 
Over the course of the two experimental sessions, the researchers found that participants were 55 percent more likely to solve puzzles on their second try when the corresponding sound clip was surreptitiously played while they slept. They also reported that the effect was not dependent on the type of puzzle; solve rates for both spatial2 and verbal puzzles increased when cued during sleep.
 
The authors conclude, "By demonstrating for the first time that targeted reactivation of puzzle memories during sleep improves problem-solving the following morning, we add to a growing literature recognizing sleep as useful for both strengthening and reorganizing memory."
 
So, the next time you're faced with a difficult problem, sleep on it...and play some music to remind yourself of the challenge.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 optimize WIoxY     
v.使優化 [=optimise]
參考例句:
  • We should optimize the composition of the Standing Committees.優化人大常委會組成人員的結構。
  • We should optimize our import mix and focus on bringing in advanced technology and key equipment.優化進口結構,著重引進先進技術和關鍵設備。
2 spatial gvcww     
adj.空間的,占據空間的
參考例句:
  • This part of brain judges the spatial relationship between objects.大腦的這部分判斷物體間的空間關系。
  • They said that time is the feeling of spatial displacement.他們說時間是空間位移的感覺。
TAG標簽: brain sleep memory
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