美公布十大滿意度最高的職業
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-04-21 06:17 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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Are you satisfied with the current job?

Firefighters, the clergy1 and others with professional jobs that involve helping2 or serving people are more satisfied with their work and overall are happier than those in other professions, according to results from a national survey.

"The most satisfying jobs are mostly professions, especially those involving caring for, teaching and protecting others and creative pursuits," said Tom Smith, director of the General Social Survey (GSS) at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.

In the current study, interviewers asked more than 27,000 people questions about job satisfaction and general happiness. Individuals' level of contentment affects their overall sense of happiness, Smith said.

"Work occupies a large part of each worker's day; is one's main source of social standing3 and helps to define who a person is and affects one's health both physically4 and mentally," Smith states in a published report on the study. "Because of work's central role in many people's lives, satisfaction with one's job is an important component5 in overall well-being6."

Across all occupations, on average 47 percent of those surveyed said they were satisfied with their jobs and 33 percent reported being very happy.

Here are the Top 10 most gratifying jobs and the percentage of subjects who said they were very satisfied with the job:

Clergy-87 percent
Firefighters-80 percent
Physical therapists-78 percent
Authors-74 percent
Special education teachers-70 percent
Teachers-69 percent
Education administrators-68 percent
Painters and sculptors-67 percent
Psychologists-67 percent
Security and financial services salespersons-65 percent
Operating engineers-64 percent
Office supervisors-61 percent

A few common jobs in which about 50 percent of participants reported high satisfaction included: police and detectives, registered nurses, accountants, and editors and reporters.

"The least satisfying dozen jobs are mostly low-skill, manual and service occupations, especially involving customer service and food/beverage preparation and serving," Smith said.

據美國一項全國性調查的結果顯示,消防員、牧師等從事幫助或服務于他人的行業的人員工作滿意度較高,而且總體上他們比其它行業的人更加快樂。

芝加哥大學全國民意調查中心普通社會調查的負責人湯姆·史密斯說:“滿意度最高的工作大多是一些需要特殊技能的職業,尤其是護理類、教育類、為他人提供保護以及一些創造性的職業。”

在目前的這項調查中,調查人員對2萬7千人就工作滿意度和總體快樂感進行了訪問。據史密斯介紹,受訪者的工作滿意度對他們的總體快樂感有影響。

史密斯在發表的研究報告中說:“工作占據了一個人一天中的大部分,它是一個人社會地位的主要決定因素,而且能‘定義’一個人,在生理和心理上都會對人造成影響。由于工作在很多人的生活中處于核心地位,因此對于工作的滿意是生活幸福的一個重要因素。”

在所有職業中,平均47%的受訪者表示對自己的工作滿意,33%的人稱他們非常快樂。

以下是十大最令人滿意的工作及對此工作感到滿意的人數百分比:

神職人員--87%
消防員--80%
身體治療師--78%
作家--74%
特殊教育類的教師--70%
教師--69%
教育行政人員--68%
畫家和雕塑家--67%
心理學家--67%
安全人員及金融服務銷售人員--65%
操作工程師--64%
辦公室管理人員--61%

在普通職業中,有50%的受訪者對警察和偵探、注冊護士、會計、編輯和記者等職業的滿意度很高。

史密斯說:“滿意度最低的工作大多是一些技能要求低、手工和服務類的職業,尤其是顧客服務和餐飲準備及服務的職業。”

 

 

 

Vocabulary:  

clergy : 神職人員



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 clergy SnZy2     
n.[總稱]牧師,神職人員
參考例句:
  • I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example.我衷心希望,我國有更多的牧師效法這個榜樣。
  • All the local clergy attended the ceremony.當地所有的牧師出席了儀式。
2 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.幫助人的,輔助的
參考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可憐的孩子們總是要求我把我的漢堡包再給他們一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 這樣一來, 他在某些時候,有助于競爭的加強。
3 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持續,地位;adj.永久的,不動的,直立的,不流動的
參考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震過后只有幾幢房屋還立著。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他們堅決反對對法律做任何修改。
4 physically iNix5     
adj.物質上,體格上,身體上,按自然規律
參考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他渾身不舒服,心緒也很亂。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到極惡心。
5 component epSzv     
n.組成部分,成分,元件;adj.組成的,合成的
參考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每個零件在裝配前都經過仔細檢查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的組成部分。
6 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安樂,幸福
參考例句:
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他總是把群眾的疾苦掛在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我關心他們的幸福,卻被誤解為多管閑事。
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