《牛津詞典》2019年度詞匯:氣候緊急狀態
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-11-26 08:35 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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Oxford1 Dictionaries has declared "climate emergency" the word of the year for 2019, following a hundred-fold increase in usage that it says demonstrated a "greater immediacy" in the way we talk about the climate.
 
近日,《牛津詞典》公布了2019年度詞匯——“氣候緊急狀態”,這一詞匯的使用率在2019年增加了100倍。據稱,當人們談論氣候問題時,使用這個詞會"更加突出危機感"。
 
Defined as "a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it", Oxford said the words soared from "relative obscurity" to "one of the most prominent – and prominently debated – terms of 2019."
 
According to the dictionary’s data, usage of "climate emergency" soared 10,796%.
 
Oxford said the choice was reflective, not just of the rise in climate awareness2, but the focus specifically on the language we use to discuss it. The rise of "climate emergency" reflected a conscious push towards language of immediacy and urgency, the dictionary said.
 
In 2019, "climate" became the most common word associated with "emergency", three times more than "health emergency" in second.
 
"Climate emergency" beat the words "climate crisis", "climate action", "climate denial", "extinction3", "flight shame", "global heating" and "plant-based", which were on the shortlist.
 
The dictionary's word of the year is chosen to "reflect the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the passing year" and should have "lasting4 potential as a term of cultural significance".
 
Previous winners of word of the year include "toxic5" in 2018 and "youthquake" in 2017.


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1 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英國城市)
參考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他現在已是牛津大學的化學教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.這是去牛津的路與去倫敦的路的匯合處。
2 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意識,覺悟,懂事,明智
參考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人們普遍認識到吸煙有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.這些年來人們的環境意識增強了。
3 extinction sPwzP     
n.熄滅,消亡,消滅,滅絕,絕種
參考例句:
  • The plant is now in danger of extinction.這種植物現在有絕種的危險。
  • The island's way of life is doomed to extinction.這個島上的生活方式注定要消失。
4 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持續,維持
參考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的戰爭使美元貶值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我們希望這些糾紛能獲得永久的解決。
5 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
參考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.這家工廠意外泄漏大量有毒廢物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化學物質可能會進入大氣層。
TAG標簽: climate emergency Oxford
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